Advances in Social Behavior Research

Advances in Social Behavior Research

ASBR ICEIPI 2022, 02 February 2023

Open Access | Article

Realist and Internationalist Perspectives of WTO Reform Challenges From the US-China Trade War and Broader Questioning of the International Trade System

Shuo Tan 1 , Yanchen Wu 2
1 Boston College, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467
2 Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, United States

* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.

Advances in Social Behavior Research, ASBR ICEIPI 2022, 112-118
Published 02 February 2023. © 2023 The Author(s). Published by EWA Publishing
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation Shuo Tan, Yanchen Wu. Realist and Internationalist Perspectives of WTO Reform Challenges From the US-China Trade War and Broader Questioning of the International Trade System. ASBR (2023) ASBR ICEIPI 2022: 112-118.


During its twenty years, WTO’s longstanding commitment to forming the multilateral international trade freedom shaped the rule and system among its hundreds of members. The trading world has been a seamless façade, covering the increasingly revolutionary change of a new, emerging order. The conundrum of WTO reform has been a consequence of global economic imbalance and political conflicts. Two representatives of the world’s extreme ideologies once again compete against each other for decades without effective resolution. WTO needs self-reform, not only for its own international jurisdiction and jurisprudence, but more of the collaboration from a settled international economic and free trade community. We will discuss the relevant elements from two different perspectives from institutionalism and realism.


realism, US-China trade war, institutionalism, WTO reform, international trade order


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Data Availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study will be available from the authors upon reasonable request.

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